Snail farming is a very profitable agricultural business in Nigeria but many people didn’t take note of this essential micro-livestock in the country.
Snail farming gives us good and better opportunity to make money within a short period of time. Do you know why Nigerians haven’t engaged themselves in this money making snail rearing?
The simple reason is IGNORANCE.
Most people in Nigeria still have the belief that snail can only be picked in the bush.
The culture of going to the bush to pick snail in the villages during raining time has been there for generations. It is difficult for people to come to term that snail can actually be kept and grown at home.
So, first of all, get all the knowledge about the business, understand the business idea, breed type, problem you might face, disease, feeds, plants and vegetable, do’s and don’ts, marketing, feasibility and the different challenges that may arise in the process of running the business.
Once you gather enough knowledge about snail farming, then you are good to go.
Physical Environment of the Farm
One of the most important factors in snail farming is the physical environment of your snail farm.
Your snail farm must be properly chosen and selected and situated in an environment that is free from predators, diseases and bacteria that may be harmful to your snail farm. Make sure there are plants or trees to shield the snails from direct sunlight and winds.
When it comes to snail farming in Nigeria, there are three popular types of snail species/breeds common for snail breeding in Nigeria. There are often 3 major types of snails used for snail breeding in Nigeria and Africa in general this is due to the commercial viability. They are:
🐚. Archachatina Marginata (AM)
🐚🐚. Achatina Achatina (AA)
🐚🐚🐚. Achatina Fulica (AF)
We will consider them one by one. Let’s start with AA first.
1. Archatina Archatina (AA)
The Archatina Archatina AA is peculiar to West Africa and it’s popularly known as the giant African snail.
It is the largest of all the snail specie . They can grow up to 20cm long in size and can produce up to 5 eggs in a single clutch and they can produce 2 clutches in a year and can live up to 10 years.
It usually takes between 21 to 32 days for the Archatina Archatina(AA) eggs to hatch, The AA eggs is harder and bigger compared to other species of snails. (AA) takes about 8 to 9 months before it starts the laying of eggs. It is usually prized high because of its large size.
Please take note that this snail is mostly find in Ghana but is very scarce in Nigeria
2. Archatina Marginata (AM)
AM is the second largest in the world and the most popular breed in Nigeria and other countries and can lay up to 7 to 10 eggs in a single clutch and can lay up to 3 to 7 clutches in a year.
It also takes 21 to 32 days for the AM eggs to hatch. It takes between 6 to 7 months before the AM to start laying of eggs.
3. Achatina Fulica (AF)
The AF is the 3rd largest and can lay up to 200 to 500 eggs in a clutch and can produce up to 3 to 4 clutches a year. It is the smallest of the breeding type of snail. It is also the third specie used in snail breeding in Nigeria.
With the little information here, I believe you can see the potential in the snail farming. If you want to know the value of snail, ask for it at any restaurant or eatery and you will realize that it is always far more expensive than other common meats.
It shows that if you can start this business that requires little investment which you can also do at your backyard, you too may soon be smiling to the bank.
Pastor Babajide Olusanya